Education plays a huge role in the quality of life and the holistic development of the child. It provides children with the ability to read and write, thus helping them to communicate. Literate people can easily use technology, get better jobs and serve society.
It is thus extremely unfair to underprivileged children, that they cannot receive an education due to lack of resources. How can they break the cycle of poverty without education?
Right To Education
To ensure that every child receives a quality education, the Government of India introduced the Right To Education Act in 2009. The Right to education in India defines the importance of free and compulsory education for children of ages between 6-14 years. The central government has to develop a framework of the national curriculum with the help of academic experts of state governments. It will be an important initiative since the present practice of the NCERT preparing the national curriculum framework was of an advisory nature. Under the Act, it has become compulsory to involve the state governments too.
Under the right to education act in India, private schools have to reserve 25% of seats. The government reimburses these schools under the public-private plan.
Students can avail admission on the basis of economic status and caste reservations. Additionally, the RTE act in India states that students cannot be failed, expelled or required to pass a board examination in elementary school. It also prevents all unrecognized institutions from practice and bans the donation practice for admission.
The Right to Education Act mentions rules concerning Pupil-Teacher Ratios. Furthermore, it has guidelines for maintaining the infrastructure of schools and working hours of teachers. The Act recommends employing well-educated and qualified teachers. There should be a proper ratio of teachers in urban and rural areas.
The RTE Act in India prevents the mental or physical harassment of any student. Since every student is entitled to get education freely, they should be free from any kind of fear regarding harassment, unequal treatment, etc.
The Right to Education Act changed the Education system in India. It made quality education more accessible to children with a low-income background, thus preparing them for a better future.